The effect of the planned behaviour theory and the transtheoretical behaviour model on physical activity. A systematic review.

Anastasia Dermatis, Flora Bacopoulou, Ioulia Kokka, Dimitrios Vlachakis, Georgios Lyrakos, Despina Menti, Christina Darviri


Systematic physical activity (PA) is crucial in preventing illnesses that can become life-threatening, such as colon and breast cancer, heart disease and ischemic stroke, cardio-respiratory disease, type II diabetes, and depression. Many theory–based interventions have been applied to achieve positive outcomes in an individual's behavioural change and the ability to engage in systematic PA. This systematic review investigates the influence of the Transtheoretical model of behaviour (TTM) and the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) on PA. A substantial search in Science Direct, Wiley Online Library databases and PubMed was performed to obtain articles about the topic. Data exportation was possible after the reviewers applied exclusion–inclusion criteria to estimate evidence quality. Empirical evidence was assessed with the CONSORT checklist to appraise the risk of bias. The primary search identified 195 studies. Of those, ten original studies were comprised. All studies indicated a positive influence of TPB and TTM on physical activity in non–health and healthy populations. In particular, it was found to have an impact on energy expenditure, balance and body strength. Theory-based interventions are notably effective in promoting physical activity behaviour. Researchers and health professionals must select and utilise interventions based on the above mentioned theories and aim to enhance PA behavioural change on individual and interpersonal factors. Although the positive outcomes of theory-based interventions on PA behaviour, it is necessary for further research to be conducted.






physical activity, behavioral change, health promotion, behavioral interventions

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