Fingerprinting Breast Milk; insights into Milk Exosomics

Eleni Papakonstantinou, Konstantina Dragoumani, Antonia Mataragka, Flora Bacopoulou, Christos Yapijakis, Nikolaos AA Balatsos, Katerina Pissaridi, Dimitris Ladikos, Aspasia Efthymiadou, George Katsaros, Evangelos Gikas, Pantelis Hatzis, Martina Samiotaki, Michalis Aivaliotis, Vasileios Megalooikonomou, Antonis Giannakakis, Costas Iliopoulos, Erik Bongcam-Rudloff, Sofia Kossida, Elias Eliopoulos, George P Chrousos, Dimitrios Vlachakis


Breast milk, often referred to as "liquid gold," is a complex biofluid that provides essential nutrients, immune factors, and developmental cues for newborns. Recent advancements in the field of exosome research have shed light on the critical role of exosomes in breast milk. Exosomes are nanosized vesicles that carry bioactive molecules, including proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, and miRNAs. These tiny messengers play a vital role in intercellular communication and are now being recognized as key players in infant health and development. This paper explores the emerging field of milk exosomics, emphasizing the potential of exosome fingerprinting to uncover valuable insights into the composition and function of breast milk. By deciphering the exosomal cargo, we can gain a deeper understanding of how breast milk influences neonatal health and may even pave the way for personalized nutrition strategies.



breast milk; exosomes; omics technologies; infant health; infant nutrition

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